Essential Principles

1. Family Voice and Family Choice

Family and youth/child perspectives are intentionally elicited and prioritized during all phases of the wraparound or conference process. Planning is grounded in family members’ perspectives, and the team strives to provide options and choices such that the plan reflects family values and preferences.

2. Team-Based

The team consists of individuals agreed upon by the family and committed to them through informal, formal, and community support and service relationships. There are times, however, when team members are involved that may be at odds with the family; we encourage the family to consider how to include people that they may not necessarily agree with, but nevertheless must be involved in the life of their family.

3. Natural Supports

The team actively seeks out and encourages the full participation of team members drawn from family members’ networks of interpersonal and community relationships. The Family Team Plan reflects activities and interventions that draw on sources of natural support as much as possible.

4. Collaboration

Team members work cooperatively and share responsibility for developing, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating a single wraparound plan. The plan reflects a blending of team members’ perspectives, mandates, and resources. The Family Team Plan guides and coordinates each team member’s work towards meeting the team’s goals.

5. Community-Based

The team implements service and support strategies that take place in the most inclusive, most responsive, most accessible, and least restrictive settings possible; and that safely promote child and family integration into home and community life.

6. Culturally Competent

The team process demonstrates respect for and builds on the values, preferences, beliefs, culture, and identity of the child/youth and family, and their community. Team members are free to challenge in a respectful way the areas listed above to help develop the most comprehensive plan possible.

7. Individualized

To achieve the goals laid out in the Family Team Plan, the team develops and implements a customized set of strategies, supports, and services.

8. Strength-Based

The team process and Family Team Plan identify, build on, and enhance the capabilities, knowledge, skills, and assets of the child and family, their community, and other team members.

9. Persistence

Despite challenges, the team persists in working toward the goals included in the Family Team Plan until the team reaches agreement that a formal wraparound process is no longer required.

10. Outcome-Based

The team ties the goals and strategies of the Family Team Plan to observable or measurable indicators of success, monitors progress in terms of these indicators, and revises the plan accordingly.

Adapted from Bruns, E.J., Walker, J.S., Adams, J., Miles, P., Osher, T.W., Rast, J., VanDenBerg, J.D. & National Wraparound Initiative Advisory Group (2004). Ten principles of the wraparound process. Portland, OR: National Wraparound Initiative, Research and Training Center on Family Support and Children’s Mental Health, Portland State University.
Acknowledgments: The work of the National Wraparound Initiative has received support from several sources, including ORC Macro, Inc.; the Child, Adolescent, and Family Branch of the Center for Mental Health Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration; the Center for Medical and Medicaid Services (award no. 11-P-92001/3-01); the Maryland Department of Juvenile Services and Governor’s Office of Crime Control and Prevention; and the National Technical Assistance Partnership for Child and Family Mental Health. A Product of the National Wraparound Initiative – October 1, 2004 version

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